Task force on climate-related
Swire Pacific supports the recommendations of the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) and started producing annual disclosures that consider these recommendations in 2018.
The following statement, structured in line with the recommended disclosures of the TCFD, details the risks and opportunities presented by climate change, their implications for our businesses and actions we are taking to respond.
Describe the organisation’s governance around climate-related risks and opportunities.
- The Swire Pacific Board, led by an Executive Chairman, has ultimate accountability for climate change-related strategies and the decarbonisation performance of all subsidiaries under Swire Pacific.
- The Board is kept informed of climate risks by the GRMC, which reports to the Board via the Audit Committee.
- In 2021, Swire Pacific initiated a three lines of defence risk governance structure. The first line of defence includes the Swire Group Environment Committee (SGEC) and five subject specific working groups, including the Climate and TCFD working groups. They comprise representatives from our divisions and are responsible for identifying and managing specific areas of risk, proposing policies and reporting performance to the GRMC.
- The Swire Pacific Risk Management Committee (SPACRMC) and four risk forums, including the Environment and Sustainability Risk Forum, were introduced to strengthen oversight of risks, including climate change-related risks (see Risk management).
- The GRMC, SPACRMC and the new risk forums form the second line of defence, providing oversight and assurance to the Board and the Audit Committee that risks are being managed effectively.
- The third line of defence is the Group Internal Audit function.
- We use an enterprise risk management (ERM) system. We have corporate risk registers, in which climate change is included as a key risk.
- To provide additional oversight and direction, the Group Head of Sustainability reports periodically to the Board and leadership team on sustainability matters.
- Both the Board and leadership team have sufficient knowledge of climate-related issues and the impact of such issues on the company’s business and operations. In January 2021 and January 2022, the Board received training on climate change and climate-related risks.
- In 2021, we conducted a “double materiality” review to gather feedback from internal and external stakeholders through qualitative interviews and focus groups. The topics of energy efficiency, decarbonisation, climate adaptation and resilience, as well as water and waste management were identified as material issues for our business continuity and development. These issues align with the environmental priorities under SwireTHRIVE.
Describe management’s role in assessing and managing climate-related risks and opportunities.
- The Chairman, Finance Director and divisional chief executives meet twice a year to consider sustainability matters. These meetings provide direction and oversight to the SGEC, which comprises divisional sustainability heads and is chaired by an Executive Director of Swire Pacific. The SGEC meets three times a year. It has the following responsibilities related to climate change:
- Oversee and implement SwireTHRIVE (including on climate) and sustainability policies
- Report on Group sustainability activities and performance to the GRMC (including emissions and energy use) and on compliance with sustainability policies
- Review and report on legislative, regulatory and other sustainability developments
- Our Climate Change Policy guides our approach to climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience
- Climate change and the management of waste and water resources are priorities under the SwireTHRIVE strategy
Describe the climate related risks and opportunities the organisation has identified over the short, medium, and long term.
- Climate change carries risks for our business. Flooding, extreme weather events and increasing temperatures can adversely affect our assets, operations, employees and suppliers. There are also regulatory, market and reputational risks.
- Climate change appears on our risk registers at both Group and operating company levels and is discussed in our 2021 annual and sustainability reports.
- Climate change stimulates business innovation and facilitates the transition to a lower carbon economy. By developing low-carbon and climate-resilient buildings, products, and services, we can meet increasing market demand and mitigate the potential operational costs from extreme weather conditions, such as maintenance and insurance premiums. We have sustainability-linked loans and are committed to integrating sustainability considerations into our future financing mechanisms.
Describe the impact of climate-related risks and opportunities on the organisation’s businesses, strategy, and financial planning.
- We conducted an analysis of physical risks for over 850 of our highest value (by insured value) immovable assets and projected Modelled Average Annual Loss (MAAL) of the different physical climate risks associated with the four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6 and 8.5) used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). These pathways broadly represent comprehensive climate scenarios related to three projected global average temperature increases: 1.5°C, 2°C and 3°C.
- For Swire Pacific, MAAL is calculated using the insured value of each asset. It is the sum of climate-related expenses (cost to repair or upgrade facilities), decreased revenue from business interruption, and is represented as the percentage (or amount) of loss relative to total asset value, as shown in the table below.
|Risk category||Risk||Financial implications||MAAL 2030 (US$ million)||MAAL
||195.3 – 204.1||0.60 – 0.62||1.82 – 2.48|
||31.0 – 45.4||0.09 – 0.14||0.14 – 0.25|
||25.3 – 29.2||0.08 – 0.09||0.10 – 0.15|
||15.1 – 17.8||0.05 – 0.06||0.08 – 0.10|
||6.4 – 22.6||0.02 – 0.08||0.02 – 0.07|
||0.2 – 0.6||0.0006 – 0.003||0.0006 – 0.002|
||94.0 – 103.9||0.29 – 0.32||0.40 – 0.56|
|Risk category||Risk||Financial implications|
|Policy and regulations||
|Technology and innovation||
Due to the high levels of associated emissions in our aviation investments, we have included a summary of their potential climate-related risks.
- We are working on a methodology to quantify the financial implications of climate change to our mobile assets, such as aircraft.
|Risk category||Risk||Financial implications|
|Policy and regulations||
- See the 2021 sustainability reports of Swire Properties, Cathay Pacific and Swire Coca-Cola for details of their climate risk assessments
Describe the resilience of the organisation’s strategy, taking into consideration different climate-related scenarios, including a 2°C or lower scenario.
- We are assessing the implications of different long-term climate scenarios. Our Sustainable Development Office and risk functions are working together to assess the robustness of our climate strategy and the uncertainties associated with its execution.
Describe the organisation’s processes for identifying and assessing climate-related risks.
- We are assessing how vulnerable our businesses are to flood, heat stress, water stress and extreme weather events.
- We are using the Climanomics tool developed by The Climate Service (TCS) to assess the climate risks to our businesses and the resulting financial implications.
- We have assessed the physical climate-related risks to and opportunities for over 850 of the Group’s most valuable assets (by insured value), under four climate change scenarios (RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6 and 8.5). This data has allowed us to accurately evaluate the exposure of specific assets and operations in selected timeframes, from the intermediate (2030) to the long-term (2050).
- We have considered the impact of carbon pricing transition risks based on the carbon pricing models included in IPCC Shared Socioeconomic Pathways SSP3-60 and SSP3-45.
- In 2022, via the Climate and TCFD working groups we are working with a consultancy to incorporate the results from the Climanomics assessment into a broader climate scenario analysis. A summary of the results of this exercise will be made available in future sustainability reports.
- The findings will be incorporated into the Group’s ERM system.
Describe the organisation’s processes for managing climate-related risks.
- Our Climate Change Policy deals with decarbonising our businesses and managing and adapting to climate risk.
- Through the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and ISO 50001 Energy Management System, we manage our operational risks related to climate change, carbon and energy management. For example, our Property Division manages its daily operational risks related to climate change, carbon and energy management. As of 31st December 2021, approximately 86% of its properties (measured by GFA) in Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland are certified to the ISO 14001 and ISO 50001 management systems.
- We have set ambitious 2030 decarbonisation targets (see metrics and targets section below). Our goal is to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050.
- Our sustainable development fund (SD Fund) makes available up to HK$100 million per year for sustainable development projects. The money is available for investments in sustainability technologies and solutions that would not otherwise meet our financial targets. In 2021, we funded trials of new technologies intended to help our operating companies meet their carbon, water and waste targets.
- Our business continuity plans cover extreme weather events. We have a Business Recovery Plan in place to ensure that we maintain critical crisis planning and execution capabilities in the event of major incidents, including extreme weather events. Swire Properties has local crisis response plans for all its buildings.
- To reduce embodied carbon from its development projects and construction activities, our Property Division has established performance-based targets on embodied carbon for concrete, rebar and structural steel for future projects in Hong Kong. They have also specified that low-carbon materials should be adopted in their projects, such as concrete with pulverised fuel ash or ground granulated blast-furnace slag, rebar and structural steel with recycled content, and the optimisation of structural design to minimise material consumption.
- Swire Properties is a leader in developing certified green buildings that are energy-efficient and low-carbon by design and in operation. In 2021, 100% of its new projects under development achieved the highest green building rating, 96% of its existing buildings were certified green buildings, and over 98% of its 2021 gross rental income came from certified green buildings.
- Since 2011, we have worked with Tsinghua University’s Joint Research Centre for Building Efficiency and Sustainability, to develop and test methods to increase energy efficiency and improve environmental performance in our businesses. This collaboration continues to generate substantial energy savings and allows us to communicate and share new ideas and practices with our employees, business partners, industry peers and other researchers.
- Swire Properties integrates sustainability criteria into the risk assessment process for new acquisitions, including climate adaptation and resilience, flood risk assessment, energy efficiency and carbon emissions.
- Swire Coca-Cola uses independent third parties to assess water risk for its bottling plants, so as to form source vulnerability assessments. The findings are integrated into source water protection plans and are regularly reviewed.
- We support the efforts of the Hong Kong Business Environment Council to promote awareness of climate change in the business community.
Describe how processes for identifying, assessing and managing climate-related risks are integrated into the organisation’s overall risk management.
- Climate-related risks are identified and managed as part of our ERM system. Climate change has been identified as one of our top risks in our risk register.
Metrics and targets
Disclose the metrics used by the organisation to assess climate-related risks and opportunities in line with its strategy and risk management process.
- We measure:
|Metric||Unit of Measure||2019||2020||2021|
|Carbon emissions (Scope 1 and 2) – market-based method||tonnes of CO2e||–||763,000||662,000|
|Total electricity used by the Group||million kWh||1,409||861||833|
|Total renewable electricity generated on our sites||million kWh||16.2||20.7||20.5|
|Total renewable electricity procured||million kWh||0||11.5||31.4|
|Proportion of Group financing from sustainable finance||%||–||14.6||18.1|
|Proportion of existing buildings which are certified green buildings^||%||97||97||96|
|Proportion of projects under development which are certified green buildings^||%||100||100||100|
^Includes portfolios under Swire Properties only
- The methodology used to calculate the above KPIs can be found in our Reporting Methodology
- The metrics used by our operating companies can be found in their own sustainability reports
Disclose Scope 1, Scope 2, and, if appropriate, Scope 3 GHG emissions, and the related risks.
- We measure and report our energy consumption and the Scope 1, 2 and some Scope 3 carbon emissions from our operations in accordance with the listing rules of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited and in line with the GHG Protocol
Describe the targets used by the organisation to manage climate-related risks and opportunities and performance against targets.
- Our goal is to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050.
- Our group target is to reduce our Scope 1 and 2 emissions by 50% by 2030, compared with a 2018 baseline. Our operating companies’ targets are science-based targets or are set by reference to Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) or, in the case of our aviation and shipping businesses, international industry commitments
- Swire Properties was the first real estate developer in Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland to set science-based targets. The targets are these:
- Reduce absolute Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions by 46% by 2030 (compared to a 2019 baseline)
- Reduce Scope 3 GHG emissions from downstream leased assets by 28% per sqm by 2030 (compared to a 2018 baseline)
- Reduce Scope 3 GHG emissions from capital goods by 25% per sqm by 2030 (compared to a 2016-2018 baseline)
- Swire Coca-Cola’s science-based targets (approved by SBTi in 2020) are:
- By 2030, reduce carbon emissions by 70% in its core operations (Scope 1 and 2) from a 2018 baseline
- By 2030, reduce carbon emissions by 30% from its value chain (Scope 1, 2 and 3) from a 2018 baseline
- Swire Properties and Swire Coca-Cola have signed up to Business Ambition for 1.5°C
- We encourage the use of renewable energy. Our Beverages Division has committed by 2026 to have transitioned to electricity derived from 100% renewable energy for core operations. Renewable electricity accounted for 6% of the Group’s total electricity usage in 2021.
- Cathay Pacific (our investment in the aviation sector) has set emission reduction targets for 2030 and has the goal of achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050. It targets for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to constitute 10% of its total fuel consumption by 2030.